Glossary of Terms

Adverse effect: An unpleasant or harmful effect of a medication – similar to side effect.

Alcohol misuse: The use of alcohol to the extent that it affects the person’s daily life.

Anti-depressants: A group of medications that are prescribed to treat symptoms of depression.

Antipsychotics: A group of medications that are prescribed to treat symptoms of psychosis.

British National Formulary (BNF): A publication that provides guidance on prescribing for health professionals. It also publishes maximum recommended doses for different medications.

Care Co-ordinator: Usually a nurse, occupational therapist or social worker who co-ordinates care for someone. They may also offer therapy or social support.

Care Plan: Part of CPA – a plan agreed between individuals and their care co-ordinator which outlines needs and goals.

Care Plan Review: Part of CPA – Individuals, carers and care co-ordinators check that the care plan is still meaningful or needs to be changed.

Care Programme Approach (CPA): The way in which mental health professionals work with people and their families (See ‘CPA’ page).

Carer: Someone, usually a family member or close friend, who provides unpaid day-to-day support to someone.

Clinical Commissioning Groups (CCGs): Groups led by GPs who take on the role of purchasing local health services in England.

Clinician: A health professional, who sees and treats patients and is responsible for some or all aspects of their care.

Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT): A form of psychological therapy, which addresses thoughts and behaviour (see ‘CBT’ page).

Community Mental Health Team (CMHT): A team of professionals who work with people who are struggling with their mental health and are not in hospital.

Consultant Psychiatrist: A doctor who is a medical expert in psychiatry.

CROM: Clinician Reported Outcome Measure – this is a rating scale which staff complete to monitor service users’ needs and any changes to them. There is a national requirement for staff to undertake these.

Depot: A long lasting injection of an antipsychotic medication

General Practitioner (GP): A doctor who works in a community surgery and who is usually the first point of contact for all health issues.

ICD-10: The International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems. It lists and classifies medical issues, and is published by the World Health Organisation.

Inpatient: Someone receiving care in hospital.

Mood Stabilisers: Medications prescribed to people struggling with mood changes e.g. those experiencing bipolar disorder.

NICE (National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence): An independent organisation responsible for providing national guidance on promoting good health, and preventing and treating ill health.

NICE guideline: Guidelines on the treatment and care of people with a specific condition in the NHS.

Outcomes: What happens as a result of treatment or intervention. This could include recovery.

Outpatient: Someone receiving healthcare services by attending appointments with health professionals in the community.

Prescription: The supply of medications under the instruction of a health professional.

PREM : Patient Reported Experience Measure – A list of questions used to determine whether service users have a good or bad experience in relation to the care and support they receive from services.

PROM: Patient Reported Outcome Measure – A rating scale used to monitor service users’ needs and any changes to them. There is a national requirement to report these outcomes.

Primary care: Healthcare services provided by people like GPs, health visitors, dentists and opticians.

Psychological therapies: Talking therapies delivered by psychologists or other health professionals with specialist training (see ‘psychological therapies’ section’).

SDM: Shared Decision Making – A process by which professionals and service users reach mutually agreed decisions.

Secondary care: Care and support provided by specialist teams.

Side effects: A consequence of taking a medication that is in addition to its intended effect. Side effects are not always negative.

Substance misuse: The use of illegal drugs to the extent that it affects daily life. Can also refer to the use of legal drugs without a prescription.