To diagnose a mental health problem, doctors will look at various things, including:
- your experiences (groupings of certain feelings, behaviours and physical symptoms may suggest different diagnoses)
- how long you've been experiencing these things
- the impact it’s having on your life
To do this the doctor may ask you questions about your mood, thoughts and behaviours – sometimes by using questionnaires or forms. Your diagnosis is then based upon what you describe to the doctor. For example, if you share with your doctor that you’ve been feeling low in mood, you have low energy and a lack of motivation, they may diagnose depression. However, over time if your feelings and behaviours change, your doctor may diagnose something different.
It’s important to remember that everyone’s experience is different and can change at different times. By being given a diagnosis does not define you, and it doesn’t mean that you are experiencing mental health challenges all of the time; many people with a mental health diagnosis are able to live meaningful and fulfilling lives, they go to work or volunteer, socialise, and so on. Equally, you might not have a particular diagnosis, but may still be finding things very difficult.
Who can diagnose me?
Often a GP can give a diagnosis of depression and anxiety, and they may be able to provide your care, such as providing medication, information and support. For other types of diagnosis, people will often be referred to a mental health specialist, such as a psychiatrist.
What if I don't find my diagnosis helpful?
For some people, receiving a diagnosis helps them to make sense of how they are feeling, and can often help them to understand themselves better. It can also help you and your doctor decide on the next steps, such as medication and treatment, and what will work best for you.
However some people feel being given a diagnosis isn’t helpful as it doesn’t fit your experiences and feelings, or that it puts you into a box by being labelled. Other factors, such as your background, lifestyle and other personal circumstances, may be just as important in understanding what you're experiencing and working out how best to help you feel better.
Being given a diagnosis doesn’t have to be your entire identity – over time, your diagnosis may end up being a small part of who you are. You may find it helpful to look at the ‘Identity’ page on the site in the Recovery & Wellbeing section.
Real life experience
To be a service user for the amount of time I have been and the slow progress towards recovery when I was in a position to explore a life away from services seems to be an increasingly no win situation. It was unfortunate at 16 I had an episode of psychosis when I was at a critical stage of my education. I was not in a place in my life when I could have reached my possible potential. Regardless of my psychotic episode, the normal emotional and psychological developments of adolescence were debilitated. There was no time invested in promoting my well-being, it was only undermined. I feel looking back I was a mobile body that performed as a human, but the qualities that the body needed to feel worthwhile like love, contact, and identity and safe were non-existent.
My earliest memories are of living with an angry, bitter father and being in fear of my own shadow. I could go into some of the things I shouldn’t have experienced and the hurt that I felt but that would not help my circumstances now. At the point I became ill my family saw me react in a way they could not be expected to understand, but it seemed to make me even less a part of the family. They have all treated me differently and it feels like I am in one way unacceptable, and in another, politely accepted. To say I am not like the others would be a true statement.
For me, my diagnosis was a judgement on my capability. My identity became unstable. But it’s also given me support, financially and emotionally. Beliefs have taken too long, but I have never stopped believing I could work with myself, even if I wasn’t given a platform to work from. The assortment of awful medications I was put on controlled my symptoms or reactions to an extent, but took a little more of the core of who I could grow with to be well. To be tired, suppressed and intellectually dulled was another way I became segregated, along with the stigma of being mentally ill. The service I received offered very little that represented life and the people running the services put little into running them that promoted any enthusiasm in being alive. In fact they were going through the motions as much I was….! But 33yrs later, being enabled and supported to do nothing has consequences. My history does not promote confidence and it draws natural assumptions about my capability. However capable I feel and confident I can achieve, I look back at some of the things I have done or allowed myself to be subjected to and doubt I am anything but a gamble. I understand why I made mistakes, because I grew up when I eventually felt able to move forwards, so it was inevitable that people would look at a grown man doing things they would expect an adolescent to be doing.
I am not any different to the majority of service users. I want a relationship, to be connected to someone and to be accepted as part of something. Employment is a dream because I will need to support myself at some point, but I would sell my soul for family and someone to love. I am not sure with my experiences I am capable of love but it’s a dream I like to dream.